Know the coronavirus:-
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a communicable infection caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. The spread of this virus started spreading its roots all over the world because of its rapid speed of transmission. COVID-19 was initially discovered in a food market in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. From there, it’s reached countries such as the United States, Philippines, United Kingdom. Presently India is the most affected country.
Variants of COVID-19:-
The COVID-19 virus has evolved over a year. It is constantly adapting to new mutations. There are currently 5 variants of concerns (VOCs) for covid 19. B.1.1.7 was initially detected in the US in December 2020. Then transmitting over a million people it evolved to B.1.351 in South Africa. Then P.1 emerged in later January 2021 in California and also in people traveling from Brazil. Similarly, a new strain was detected in the United Kingdom, from where it reached India; creating wreaking havoc. A new “double mutant” variant of the coronavirus has been identified from specimens secured in India. Administrators are investigating if the variant, where two mutations come together in the same virus. That can become more transmissible or less affected by vaccines.
How it spreads:-
The COVID-19 virus is transmitted through droplets created when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or breathes. These droplets are too bulky to hang in the air and instantly fall on floors or surfaces.
A few common symptoms of COVID-19 are as below:
- cold and cough
-loss of smell and taste
-aches and pain
Anyone can get infected by the virus if they’re breathing within a close range of a COVID-19 infected person. The close contacts such as touching a contaminated surface and then rubbing your eyes, nose, or mouth without washing or sanitizing your hands.
Stopping the spread:-
To stop the spread of COVID-19, you must:
Firstly, keep your hands clean. You can use soap or an alcohol-integrated hand rub.
Secondly, make habit of keeping a 3-meter gap from anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Always wear a mask when maintaining a distance is not possible.
Do not touch your eyes, mouth, or nose unless you have washed your hands just now.
While sneezing or coughing you must cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow.
Use double masks and tissues to prevent its droplets of sneeze reach the surface.
Do not go out if you feel unwell and observe above stated symptoms.
Seeking medical advice in the early stages of coronavirus can help your recovery even faster. In present times there have been various vaccinations have been introduced to cure this deadly virus. A COVID‑19 vaccine is a vaccine designed to induce immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2). On 10 January 2020, the global pharmaceutical industry proclaimed a major promise to address COVID-19.
Vaccines for Coronavirus:
The government of every country has made it mandatory for its citizens to get vaccinated to prevent the cause of coronavirus. The old-age population was prioritized first to get vaccinated as they possess a higher risk of complications. After that 18-42 year age group was approved. Since 16 May 2021, 1.45 billion doses of the COVID‑19 vaccine have been distributed worldwide as national health agency data. Namely, AstraZeneca anticipates offered 3 billion doses in 2021, Pfizer–BioNTech distributed 1.3 billion doses.1 million doses have been provided by Sputnik V, Sinopharm, Sinovac, and Johnson & Johnson each.
On the whole, countries are planning to expand the healthcare infrastructure by inducing capital in the medical segment. This is indeed to support mankind. The govt has formed special laws and announced tax waivers, to those who are providing their support in this battle against deadly coronavirus.